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     Lehrveranstaltungen Lebenslauf Publikationen

Prof. Dr. rer. nat. Julia Becker


Tel.: +49 541 969-7690

Raum: 75/243
Institut für Psychologie
Lise-Meitner-Straße 3
49076 Osnabrück


Sommersemester 2024
Ausgewählte Themen der kulturvergleichenden Sozialpsychologie (S)
Ausgewählte Themen der Sozialpsychologie (1) (S)
Forschungskolloquium - Methodenlehre, Sozial- und A+O Psychologie Promotionskolloquium
Kolloquium II (1)
Research symposium Kolloquium II (SoSe 2024).


Since 2013: Professor of Social Psychology, University of Osnabrueck
2011/2012: Visiting scholar at the University of St Andrews (Scotland)
2011: Visiting scholar at Simon Fraser University (Canada)
2008: Visiting scholar at PennState University (USA)
2008 - 2013: Lecturer (Social Psychology Philipps-University Marburg)
2008:  Dr. rer. nat. Philipps-University Marburg, Dissertation: "Women's Internalization of Sexism: Predictors and Antidotes"
2005-2008: PhD scholarship in DFG graduate school "group-focused enmity"
2005: Diploma in Psychology in March 2005 at the Philipps-University Marburg




in press/2024

Kahalon, R., Ullrich, J., & Becker, J. C. (2024). How to Respond to Inappropriate Questions in Job Interviews: Personal and Social Consequences of Truth-Telling, Deflection and Confrontation. European Journal of Social Psychology, 1–13. https://doi.org/10.1002/ejsp.3062

Estevan-Reina, L; de Lemus, S., Megías, J.L., Radke, H.L.M., Becker, J.C. & McGarty, C. (in press). How do disadvantaged groups perceive allies? Women’s perceptions of men who confront sexism in an egalitarian or paternalistic way. European Journal of Social Psychology.

Liekefett, L., Sebben, S., & Becker, J.C. (in press). The Effect of Brooding about Societal Problems on Conspiracy Beliefs: A Registered Report. Collabra Psychology

Munder, A.K., Becker, J.C., Salvatierra Ruiz, & Christ, O. (2024). At least she is doing something? Women do not prefer a woman who confronts gender-based discrimination with a distance motive over a non-confronter. Psychology of Women Quarterly. https://doi.org/10.1177/03616843231207

Gartner, K., Mösko, M., Becker, J.C., & Hanft-Robert, S. (2024). Barriers to use interpreters in outpatient mental health care: Exploring the attitudes of psychotherapists. Transcultural Psychiatry. https://doi.org/10.1177/13634615241227337


Bierle, I., Becker, J.C., Nakao, G., & Heine, S. J. (2023). Shame and anger differentially predict disidentification between collectivistic and individualistic societies. PLoS ONE, 18, e0289918. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0289918

Hartwich, L., Kutlaca, M., Ksenofontov, I., Jetten, J., & Becker, J. C. (2023). (Not so) powerful allies? Decision makers’ reactions to advantaged group allies in collective action. European Journal of Social Psychology, 53, 1576–1592. https://doi.org/10.1002/ejsp.2997

Hartwich, L., Radke, H. R. M., Kutlaca, M., & Becker, J. C. (2023). The Injustice–Efficacy Tradeoff: Counteracting Indirect Effects of Goal Proximity on Collective Action. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 14(2), 173–184. https://doi.org/10.1177/19485506221093108 

Hartwich, L. & Becker, J.C. (2023). Explaining opposition to redistribution vs. interpersonal discrimination against the lower class: the roles of economic ideology and value conflict. Journal of Social and Political Psychology, 11, 167-181.https://doi.org/10.5964/jspp.7171

Liekefett, L., & Becker, J.C. (2023). Hippies Next to Right-Wing Extremists? Identifying Subgroups of Anti-Lockdown Protesters in Germany Using Latent Profile Analysis. Social Psychology, 54, 123-135 https://doi.org/10.1027/1864-9335/a000509.

Liekefett, L., Christ, O., & Becker, J.C. (2023). Can Conspiracy Beliefs Be Beneficial? Longitudinal Linkages Between Conspiracy Beliefs, Anxiety, Uncertainty Aversion, and Existential Threat. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 49 (2), 167–179. https://doi.org/10.1177/01461672211060965


Becker, J. C., & Wright, S. C. (2022). Can cross-group contact turn advantaged group members into allies? The role of inequality-delegitimizing contact and interpersonal connection. Group Processes & Intergroup Relations, 25(6), 1496–1515. https://doi.org/10.1177/13684302211015273

Becker, J.C., Wright, S.C., & Siem, B. (2022). Can cross-group contact predict advantaged group member’s willingness to engage in costly solidarity-based action? Yes, if the contact is politicized. Testing, Psychometrics, Methodology in Applied Psychology, 29, 123-139.

Echterhoff, G., Becker, J. C., Knausenberger, J., & Hellmann, J. H. (2022). Helping in the context of refugee immigration. Current Opinion in Psychology, 44, 106-111. doi.org/10.1016/j.copsyc.2021.08.035

Kahalon, R., Becker, J.C., & Shnabel, N. (2022). Appearance Comments Presented as Compliments at Work: How are They Perceived by Targets and Observers in and Outside of Workplace Settings. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 52, 751-762. DOI: 10.1111/jasp.12732

Kutlaca, M., Radke, H.R.M. & Becker, J.C. (2022). The Impact of Including Advantaged Groups in Collective Action Against Social Inequality on Politicized Identification of Observers From Disadvantaged and Advantaged Groups. Political Psychology, 43, 297-315. https://doi.org/10.1111/pops.12755

Liekefett, L. & Becker, J.C. (2022). Low system justification is associated with support for both progressive and reactionary social change. European Journal of Social Psychology, 52, 1015– 1030. https://doi.org/10.1002/ejsp.2883

Mikołajczak, G., & Becker, J.C. (2022). Supporting men or male privilege? Women’s progressive and reactionary collective action for men. European Journal of Social Psychology, 52, 1064– 1081. https://doi.org/10.1002/ejsp.2887

Mikołajczak, G., Becker, J.C., & Iyer, A. (2022). Women who challenge or defend the status quo: Ingroup identities as predictors of progressive and reactionary collective action. European Journal of Social Psychology, 52, 626– 641. https://doi.org/10.1002/ejsp.2842

Radke, H.R.M., Kutlaca, M., & Becker, J.C. (2022). Applying the Dynamic Dual Pathway Model of Approach Coping to Collective Action among Advantaged Group Allies and Disadvantaged Group Members. Frontiers.13:875848. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2022.875848

Radke, H. R. M., Kutlaca, M., & Becker, J. C. (2022). Disadvantaged group members’ evaluations and support for allies: Investigating the role of communication style and group membership. Group Processes & Intergroup Relations, 25(6), 1437–1456. https://doi.org/10.1177/13684302211010932


Becker, J.C., Hartwich, L., & Haslam, S.A. (2021). Neoliberalism can reduce well-being by promoting a sense of social disconnection, competition and loneliness. British Journal of Social Psychology, 30, 947-965. https://doi.org/10.1111/bjso.12438

Estevan-Reina, L., de Lemus, S., Megias, J.L., Kutlaca, M., Belmonte-Garcia, M., & Becker, J.C. (2021). Allies against sexism. The impact of men’s egalitarian versus paternalistic confrontation on women’s empowerment and well-being. Sex Roles, 84, 536-553. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11199-020-01184-4

Liekefett, L., & Becker, J.C. (2021). Compliance with Governmental Restrictions during the Coronavirus Pandemic – A Matter of Self-Protection or Solidarity with People in Risk Groups? British Journal of Social Psychology, 60, 924-946. DOI: 10.1111/bjso.12439

Van Bezouw, M., van der Toorn, J., & Becker, J.C. (2021). Social Creativity: Reviving a Social Identity Approach to Social Stability. European Journal of Social Psychology, 51(2), 409-422. doi.org/10.1002/ejsp.2732


Becker, J.C. (2020). Ideology and the promotion of social change. Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences, 34, 6-11.

Brandt, M.J., Kuppens, T., Spears, R., […], Becker, J. C., […], & Zimmermann, J.L. (2020). Subjective status and perceived legitimacy across countries. European Journal of Social Psychology, 50, 921-942. https://doi.org/10.1002/ejsp.2694

Kahalon, R., Shnabel, N., & Becker, J.C. (2020). The Effects of Exposure to Positive Gender Stereotypes on Women’s and Men’s Performance in Counter-stereotypical Tasks and Pursuit of Agentic and Communal Goals. Social Psychology, 51, 50-62.

Ksenofontov, I., & Becker, J.C. (2020). The Harmful Side of Thanks: Thankful Responses to High Power Group Help Undermine Low Power Groups’ Protest. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 794-807.

Kutlaca, M., Radke, H.R.M., Iyer, A., & Becker, J.C. (2020). Understanding allies’ participation in social change: A multiple perspectives approach. European Journal of Social Psychology, 50, 1248-1258. doi: 10.1002/ejsp.2720

Kutlaca, M., Becker, J., & Radke, H (2020). A hero for the outgroup, a black sheep for the ingroup: Societal perceptions of those who confront discrimination. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 88, . doi.org/10.1016/j.jesp.2019.103832

Lantos, N. A., Kende, A., Becker, J.C., & McGarty, C. (2020). Pity for economically disadvantaged groups motivates donation and ally collective action intentions. European Journal of Social Psychology, 50, 1478-1499. https://doi.org/10.1002/ejsp.2705

Mikołajczak, G., & Becker, J. C. (2019). What Is (Un)fair? Political Ideology and Collective Action. Journal of Social and Political Psychology, 7(2), 810-829. https://doi.org/10.5964/jspp.v7i2.1230

Munder, A., Becker, J.C., & Christ, O. (2020). Standing up for Whom? Targets’ Different Goals in the Confrontation of Discrimination. European Journal of Social Psychology, 50, 1443-1462. DOI: 10.1002/ejsp.2698

Radke, H. R. M., Kutlaca, M., Siem, B., Wright, S. C., & Becker, J. C. (2020). Beyond Allyship: Motivations for Advantaged Group Members to Engage in Action for Disadvantaged Groups. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 24(4), 291–315. https://doi.org/10.1177/1088868320918698

Wilhelm, L., Hartmann, A. S., Becker, J. C., Waldorf, M. & Vocks, S. (2020). Are there associations between religious affiliation and drive for muscularity? A cross-sectional survey of young Muslim women, Christian women and atheist women from Germany. BMC Women's Health, 20, 271. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12905-020-01138-8


Becker, J.C., Ksenofontov, I., Siem, B., & Love, A. (2019). Antecedents and Consequences of Autonomy- and Dependency-Oriented Help Toward Refugees. European Journal of Social Psychology, 49, 831-838. https://doi.org/10.1002/ejsp.2554

Becker, J.C., Radke, H.R.M., & Kutlaca, M. (2019). Stopping wolves in the wild and legitimizing meat consumption: effects of right-wing authoritarianism and social dominance on animal-related behaviors. Group Processes and Intergroup Relations, 22, 804-817.

Bierle, I., Becker, J.C., & Ikegami, T. (2019). Coping with unpleasant group memberships in Japan and Germany: Cultural differences in disidentification, confrontation and emotion regulation. European Journal of Social Psychology, 49, 953-969. https://doi.org/10.1002/ejsp.2562

Hartwich, L. & Becker, J.C. (2019). Exposure to neoliberalism increases resentment of the elite via feelings of anomie and negative psychological reactions. Journal of Social Issues, 75, 113-133.

Kahalon, R., Bareket, O., Vial, A. C., Sassenhagen, N., Becker, J. C., & Shnabel, N. (2019). The Madonna-Whore Dichotomy Is Associated with Patriarchy Endorsement: Evidence From Israel, the United States, and Germany. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 43, 348-367.

Osborne, D., Jost, J.T., Becker, J.C., Badaan, V., & Sibley, C. G. (2019). Protesting to challenge or defend the system? A system justification perspective on collective action. European Journal of Social Psychology, 49, 244-269. https://doi.org/10.1002/ejsp.2522

Wilhelm, L., Hartmann, A. S., Becker, J. C., Kisi, M., Waldorf, M. & Vocks, S. (2019). Thin media images decrease women’s body satisfaction: Comparisons between veiled Muslim women, Christian women and atheist women regarding state and trait body image. Frontiers in Psychology, 10, 1074.


Kahalon, R., Shnabel, N., & Becker, J.C. (2018). Experimental studies on state self-objectification: a review and an integrative process model. Frontiers, 9, https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2018.01268

Kahalon, R., Shnabel, N., & Becker, J.B. (2018). Positive Stereotypes, Negative Outcomes: Reminders of the Positive Components of Complementary Gender Stereotypes Impair Performance in Counter-Stereotypical Tasks. British Journal of Social Psychology, 57, 482-502. doi: 10.1111/bjso.12240

Kahalon, R., Shnabel, N., & Becker, J.B. (2018). "Don't Bother Your Pretty Little Head": Appearance Compliments Lead to Improved Mood but Impaired Cognitive Performance. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 42, 136-150. https://doi.org/10.1177/0361684318758596

Thomson, R., Yuki, M., Talhelm, T., Schug, J. Kito, M., Ayanian, A.H., Becker, J.C…..Visserman, M.L. (2018). Relational mobility predicts social behaviors in 39 countries and is tied to historical farming and threat. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, 115, 7521-7526. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1713191115

Wilhelm, L. Hartmann, A.S., Becker, J.C., Kişi, M. Waldorf, M., & Vocks, S. (2018). Body covering and body image: A comparison of veiled and unveiled Muslim women, Christian women, and atheist women regarding body checking, body dissatisfaction and eating disorder symptoms. Journal of Religion and Health, 57, 1808-1828. doi: 10.1007/s10943-018-0585-3.


Becker, J.C., Butz, D.A., Sibley, C.G., Barlow, F.K., Bitacola, L., Christ, O., Khan, S., Leong, C.H., Pehrson, S., Srinivasan, N., Sulz, A., Tausch, N., Urbanska, K., & Wright, S. (2017). What do National Flags Stand For? An Exploration of Associations across 11 Nations. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 48, 335-352.

Becker, J.C., Kraus, M., & Rheinschmidt-Same, M. (2017). Cultural Expressions of Social Class and Their Implications for Group-Related beliefs and behaviors. Journal of Social Issues, 73, 158-174.

Fischer, F., Becker, J.C., Kito, M., & Nayır, D. Z. (2017). Collective Action against Sexism in Germany, Turkey, and Japan: The Influence of Self-Construal and Face Concerns. Group Processes and Intergroup Relations, 20, 409-423.

Jost, J.T., Becker, J.C., Osborne, D., & Badaan, V. (2017). Missing in (collective) action: ideology, system justification, and the motivational antecedents of protest behavior. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 26, 99-108.

Reimer, N. K., Becker, J., Benz, A., Christ, O., Dhont, K., Klocke, U., ... Hewstone, M. (2017). Intergroup contact and social change: Implications of negative and positive contact for collective action in advantaged and disadvantaged groups. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 43, 121-136.


Becker, J.C., Barreto, M. Kahn, K.B., & de Oliveira Laux, S.H. (2015). The collective value of ‘me’ (and its limitations): Towards a more nuanced understanding of individual and collective coping with prejudice. Journal of Social Issues, 71, 497-516.

Becker, J.C. & Tausch, N. (2015). A dynamic model of engagement in normative and non-normative collective action: Psychological antecedents, consequences and barriers. European Review of Social Psychology, 26, 43-92.

De Oliveira Laux, S.H., Ksenofontov, I. & Becker, J.C. (2015). Explicit but not implicit sexist beliefs predict benevolent and hostile sexist behavior. European Journal of Social Psychology, 45, 702-715.


Asbrock, F., Lemmer, G., Becker, J.C., Koller, J., & Wagner, U. (2014). “Who are these foreigners anyway?” – The content of the term foreigner and its impact on prejudice. Sage Open, 4(2), 1-8.

Becker, J.C. & Barreto, M. (2014). Ways to Go: Men’s and Women’s Support for Aggressive and Non-aggressive Confrontation of Sexism as a Function of Gender Identification. Journal of Social Issues, 70, 668-686.

Becker, J.C., Zawadzki, M.J, & Shields, S.A. (2014). Confronting and Reducing Sexism: A Call for Research on Intervention. Journal of Social Issues, 70, 603-614.

Becker, J.C. & Tausch, N. (2014). When Group Memberships are Negative: The Concept, Measurement, and Behavioral Implications of Psychological Disidentification. Self and Identity, 13, 294-321.


Tausch, N. & Becker, J.C. (2013). Emotional Reactions to Success and Failure of Collective Action as Predictors of Future Action Intentions: A Longitudinal Investigation in the Context of Student Protests against Tuition Fees in Germany. British Journal of Social Psychology, 52, 525-542.

Becker, J.C., Wright, S.C., Lubensky, M.E., & Zhou, S. (2013). Friend or Ally: Whether cross-group contact undermines collective action depends what advantaged group members say (or don’t say). Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 39, 442-455.


Becker, J.C. (2012). The system stabilizing role of identity management strategies: Social creativity can undermine collective action for social change. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 103, 647-662.

Becker, J.C. (2012). Virtual Special Issue on Theory and Research on Collective Action in EJSP. European Journal of Social Psychology, 42, 19-33.

Becker, J.C., & Asbrock, F. (2012). What triggers helping versus harming of ambivalent groups? Effects of the relative salience of warmth versus competence. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 48, 19-27.

Becker, J.C., Enders-Comberg, A., Wagner, U., Christ, O., & Butz, D. A. (2012). Beware of national symbols: How flags can threaten intergroup relations. Social Psychology, 43, 3-6.

Becker, J.C. & Swim, J.K. (2012). Reducing endorsement of benevolent and modern sexist beliefs: Differential effects of addressing harm versus pervasiveness of benevolent sexism. Social Psychology, 43, 127-137.

Sibley, C.G. & Becker, J.C. (2012). A typology of sexists: Profiling ambivalent and univalent sexists in a national probability sample. European Journal of Social Psychology, 42, 589-601.

Swim, J.K. & Becker, J.C. (2012). Country Contexts and Individuals’ climate Change mitigating behaviors: A comparison of U.S. versus German individuals’ efforts to reduce energy use. Journal of Social Issues, 68, 571-591.

Wagner, U., Becker, J.C., Christ, O., Pettigrew, T.F., & Schmidt, P. (2012). A longitudinal test of the relation between German nationalism, patriotism and outgroup derogation. European Sociological Review, 28, 319-332.


Becker, J.C., Glick, P., Ilic, M., & Bohner, G. (2011). Damned if she does, damned if she doesn’t? Social consequences of accepting versus rejecting benevolent sexist offers for the target and perpetrator. European Journal of Social Psychology, 41, 761-773.

Becker, J.C. & Swim, J.K. (2011). Seeing the unseen: Attention to daily encounters with sexism as a way to reduce sexist beliefs. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 35, 227 - 242.

Becker, J.C., Tausch, N., Spears, R. & Christ, O. (2011). Committed dis(s)idents: Participation in radical collective action fosters disidentification with the broader in-group but enhances political identification. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 37, 1104-1116.

Becker, J.C., Tausch, N., & Wagner, U. (2011). Emotional consequences of collective action participation: Differentiating self-directed from outgroup-directed emotions. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 37, 1587-1598.

Becker, J.C., Wagner, U., & Christ, O. (2011). Consequences of the 2008-financial crisis for intergroup relations: The role of perceived threat and causal attributions. Group Processes and Intergroup Relations, 14, 871-885.

Becker, J.C. & Wright, S.C. (2011). Yet another dark side of chivalry: Benevolent sexism undermines and hostile sexism motivates collective action for social change. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 101, 62-77.

Tausch, N., Becker, J.C., Spears, R., Christ, O., Saab, R., Singh, & Siddiqui, R.N. (2011). Explaining Radical Group Behaviour: Developing Emotion and Efficacy Routes to Normative and Non-normative Collective Action. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 101, 129-148.



Becker, J.C. (2010). Why do women endorse hostile and benevolent sexism? The role of salient female subtypes and personalization of sexist contents. Sex Roles, 62, 453-467.

Becker, J.C., & Wagner, U. (2009). Doing gender differently – The interplay of strength of gender identification and content of gender identity in predicting women’s endorsement of sexism. European Journal of Social Psychology, 39, 487-508.


Other Publications

Nobis, T., Hartmann-Tews, I., Kronbitter, I., Becker, J. (2024). Rassismus im Sport in Deutschland – Was wissen wir (nicht)? Themenheft Rassismus im Sport, Deutsche Sportjugend, 30-35.

Ksenofontov, I. & Becker, J. C. (2021). Wenigstens ein Danke“ – Dankbarkeitserwartungen können Migrant*innen schaden. Online abrufbar unter http://www.fachnetzflucht.de/wenigstens-ein-danke-dankbarkeitserwartungen-koennen-migrantinnen-schaden

Shnabel, N. & Becker, J.C. (2019). Advantaged and disadvantaged group members have similar motivations to those of defenders and attackers, but their psychological charsteristics are fundamentally different. Invited commentary on DeDreu, C.K.W., & Gross,J., Revisiting the form and function of conflict: neurobiological, psychological and cultural mechanisms for attack and defense within and between groups. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 42, https://doi.org/10.1017/S0140525X19000736

Hartwich, L. & Becker, J.C. (2019). Nur ein Kompliment? Warum auch positive Geschlechter-Stereotype sexistisch sein können. In Mind http://de.in-mind.org/article/nur-ein-kompliment-warum-auch-positive-geschlechter-stereotype-sexistisch-sein-koennen

Becker, J.C. (2014). Subtile Erscheinungsformen von Sexismus [Subtle forms of sexism]. Aus Politik und Zeitgeschichte, 8, 29-34.

Becker, J.C. (2013). Kollektives Handeln – Außerparlamentarischer Aktivismus [collective action – extra-parliamentary activism]. In-Mind, 3: http://de.in-mind.org/article/kollektives-handeln-ausserparlamentarischer-aktivismus.

Tausch, N. & Becker, J.C. (2012). Understanding the psychological processes involved in the demobilizing effects of positive cross-group contact. Invited commentary on Dixon, J., Levine, M., Reicher, S. & Durrheim, K., Beyond prejudice: Are negative evaluations the problem? Is getting us to like one another more the solution? Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 35, 447-448.


Book Chapters

Osborne, D., Becker, J.C., Bahamondes, J., & García-Sánchez, E. (in press). The Political psychology of inequality: why rising rates of economic inequality affect our health and democracy. In C. G. Sibley & D. Osborne (eds.). Cambridge Handbook of Political Psychology.

Becker, J.C., & Barreto, M. (2019). Personal, collective, and group-distancing motives underlying confrontation of prejudice. In R. Mallett & M. Montheith (Eds). Confronting prejudice and discrimination (pp.141-158). London: Elsevier.

Becker, J.C., Ksenofontov, I., Benz, A., & Borgert, L. (2018). Einstellungen und Verhaltensweisen gegenüber Geflüchteten [Attitudes and Behaviors towards Refugees]. In A. Rohmann & S. Stürmer (Eds.). Die Flüchtlingsdebatte in Deutschland – Sozialpsychologische Perspektiven. Beiträge zur Angewandten Psychologie (pp. 53-64). Frankfurt a. M.: Peter Lang.

Rothmund T., Becker J.C., & Jost J.T. (2016) The Psychology of Social Justice in Political Thought and Action. In: C. Sabbagh, & M. Schmitt(eds.) Handbook of Social Justice Theory and Research (pp. 275-292). Springer, New York, NY.

Becker , J.C. & Sibley, C.G. (2016). Sexism. In T. Nelson (Ed.), Handbook of Prejudice, Stereotyping, and Discrimination (pp. 315-336). New York: Psychology Press.

Becker, J.C. (2016). Sexism. In N.A. Naples (Ed.), The Wiley-Blackwell Encyclopedia of Gender and Sexuality Studies (pp. 1-2). DOI: 10.1002/9781118663219.wbegss023

Becker, J.C. (2014). Sexism. In T. Teo (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Critical Psychology (pp. 1727-1731). New York: Springer.

Becker, J.C., Wagner, U. & Christ (2010). Ursachenzuschreibungen in Krisenzeiten: Auswirkungen auf Antisemitismus und Fremdenfeindlichkeit [Causal attributions in times of crisis: Implications for Antisemitism and prejudice]. In W. Heitmeyer (Ed.) Deutsche Zustände. Folge 8 [German States. Sequal 8] (pp. 128-143). Frankfurt: Suhrkamp.

Asbrock, F., Lemmer, G., Wagner, U., Becker, J. & Koller, J. (2009). Das Gefühl macht den Unterschied. Emotionen gegenüber „Ausländern“ in Ost- und Westdeutschland [The feeling makes the difference. Emotions towards immigrants in Eastern and Western Germany]. In W. Heitmeyer (Hg.), Deutsche Zustände. Folge 7 [German States. Sequal 7] (pp. 152-167). Frankfurt: Suhrkamp.

Becker, J., Christ, O., Wagner, U., & Schmidt, P. (2009). Deutschland einig Vaterland? Riskante regionale und nationale Identifikationen in Ost- und Westdeutschland [Unified Germany? Risky regional and national identification in Eastern and Western Germany]. In W. Heitmeyer (Hg.), Deutsche Zustände. Folge 7 [German States. Sequal 7] (pp. 113-130). Frankfurt: Suhrkamp.

Swim, J.K., & Becker, J.C. (2009). Modern Sexism. In J. Levine & M. Hogg (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Group Processes and Intergroup relations (pp. 577-579). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Swim, J. K., Becker, J., Lee, E. & Pruitt, E. R. (2009). Sexism reloaded: Worldwide evidence for its endorsement, expression, and emergence in multiple contexts. In H. Landrine & N. Russo (Eds.). Handbook of diversity in feminist psychology (pp. 137-172). Washington,DC: American Psychological Association.

Becker, J., Wagner, U. & Christ, O. (2007). Nationalismus und Patriotismus als Ursache von Fremdenfeindlichkeit. [Nationalism and Patriotism as cause of prejudice]. In W. Heitmeyer (ed.), Deutsche Zustände. Folge 5 [German States. Sequal 5] (pp. 131-149). Frankfurt: Suhrkamp.